Simpul biawak or leg muscle cramps happen when your muscle  contracts on its own involuntarily resulting in a spasm. 

Why do I get cramps? It is because of any of the following reasons: 

–  your muscles are tired 
– your muscles are overused
–  your body is dehydrated
– you lost much pottassium and magnesium affecting the way your muscles work
– if you are 65 or older – you are at higher risk  to get muscle cramps
– you have any of these conditions – diabetes or hypothyroidism
– athletes performing in a high intensity, long duration sports
– Immediately stop the activity that triggers the cramp. 
– Dont go against the cramps.
 Breathe gently through your nose and exhale through your mouth.
– Lightly stretch the muscles following the directions of the cramp and once cramps has subsided, stretch slowly against it. 
– Only lightly massage the area while stretching it. 
 Keep the area warm. Apply heat pad to the area.  Hot towel surrounding the area will give much relief.
– Immerse your toes in hot (body-tolerated temperature) water with epsom salts.
– If you have diabetes or spinal cord injury, make sure you get another person to test the level of heat in the water. Because of your diabetes, your sense of feeling heat might be compromised. 
 Hydration is a must. Drink up. 8 to 12 glasses at least, even during Ranadhan where cramps happen the most due to inadequate hydration.
– You have lost electrolytes (magnesium and pottasium). Drink sports drinks with electrolydes (eg 100 plus or gatorade). It can ease you from the next wave of cramps.
– Eat nuts and sunflower seeds for magnesium and dates and bananas for pottassium.


12 Stretches

As we become tired, our body releases the stress hormones cortisol causing tenseness of muscles and the body.  
Stretching helps to destress and relax the cramping muscles.  Do these 12 stretches twice daily. These are full body stretches that relaxes the whole body. 
Hold each stretch for 15-30 seconds. Breathe gently throughout. 
Do a week of this and you will see a great difference. However, if the frequency of your cramps increases despite doing all the above, please seek doctor’s advice for a further check.